ISC Class 12 Political Science 2020 Question Paper

Class 12 Political Science

Maximum Marks are 80 and Time allowed is Three hours. Answer Question 1 (compulsory) from Part I, and five questions from Part II, choosing three questions from Section A and two questions from Section B.

Part I (20 Marks)

Answer all questions.

Question 1

Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (x). [10 x 2]

(i) Identify two key points of difference between a parliamentary and a presidential system.

(ii) Distinguish between a written constitution and an unwritten constitution.

(iii) State two reasons for the widespread acceptance of Universal Adult Franchise.

(iv) State one electoral function of the Parliament of India.

(v) Distinguish between the political executive and the permanent executive.

(vi) State one area where the Supreme Court of the United States exercises original jurisdiction.

(vii) State why the Indian constitution is characterised as partly rigid and partly flexible.

(viii) State two Gandhian Directive Principles that find a place in Part IV of the Constitution of India.

(ix) Which authority is charged with the conduct of local self-government elections under the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India?

(x) Briefly explain the meaning of regionalism in the Indian context.

Part II (60 Marks)

Section A

Answer any three questions.

Question 2

(a) Distinguish between totalitarian states and liberal democratic states. [6]

(b) India is described as a federal state with subsidiary unitary features. Explain. [6]

Question 3

(a) Explain three functions of political parties. [6]

(b) Discuss three merits of a multi-party system. [6]

Question 4

(a) Explain three powers of the House of Representatives. [6]

(b) Discuss three ways in which the Lok Sabha exercises control over the executive. [6]

Question 5

(a) Critically examine the role of the President in the Constitution of India. [6]

(b) Briefly explain three functions of the permanent executive (civil service). [6]

Question 6

(a) Critically examine judicial review with reference to India. [6]

(b) With reference to the Supreme Court of the United States, explain three principles (maxims) of Judicial Review. [6]

Section B

Answer any two questions.

Question 7

(a) Explain any three Salient Features of the Constitution of India. [6]

(b) What rights are conferred under the Right to Freedom of Religion in Articles 25 to 28 of the Constitution of India? [6]

Question 8

(a) Explain the composition of the Zila Parishads. [6]

(b) Discuss three challenges faced by urban local self-government institutions in India. [6]

Question 9

(a) Explain three ways in which communalism affects the functioning of Indian democracy. [6]

(b) Critically discuss the role of caste in Indian politics. [6]