Attempt all questions from Part I (Compulsory). A total of five questions are to be attempted from Part II, two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B.

Part I (30 Marks)

Question 1

(a) What is the normal term of office of the Lok Sabha? [1]

(b) State the meaning of the term Question Hour. [1]

(c) Name the Presiding officer of the Lok Sabha. [1]

(d) State any one condition when the Parliament can legislate on subjects in the State List. [1]

(e) Write any one circumstance when the President can declare a National Emergency. [1]

(f) What happens when a motion of ‘No-Confidence’ is passed against a Minister? [1]

(g) On whose advice can the President appoint the Council of Ministers? [1]

(h) What is meant by Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court? [1]

(i) On what grounds can a Supreme Court Judge be removed from office? [1]

(j) State one point of distinction between a District Judge and a Sessions Judge. [1]

Question 2

(a) What was the General Service Enlistment Act? [2]

(b) Name the two books that Dadabhai Naoroji authored explaining the ‘Drain of India’s Wealth’. [2]

(c) Name each of the organizations founded by Jyothiba Phule and Raja Rammohan Roy. [2]

(d) Write any two contributions of Lala Lajpat Rai to the National Movement. [2]

(e) State any two provisions of the Indian Independence Act of 1947 that was to decide the fate of the Princely States? [2]

(f) Write any two reasons for the acceptance of the Mountbatten Plan by the Congress. [2]

(g) State any two objections imposed by the Treaty of Versailles on the German military power. [2]

(h) Name the Signatory Countries of the Triple Alliance. [2]

(i) What is meant by the term ‘Veto’ power? [2]

(j) Why was the League of Nations established? [2]

Part II (50 Marks)

Section A

Attempt any two questions from this Section

Question 3

The Parliament is the body of people’s representatives who have Supreme power in a democracy. With reference to the Union Legislature answer the following:

(a) How are the members of the Rajya Sabha elected? [3]

(b) Why is it called a Permanent house? [3]

(c) State any two Financial and any two Legislative powers of the Indian Parliament. [4]

Question 4

The Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister, is the most Powerful Institution in the Indian Polity. In this context, answer the following:

(a) State briefly the position of the Prime Minister in the Parliamentary system of Government. State any two powers the Prime Minister has as a leader of the Nation. [3]

(b) Distinguish between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet. [3]

(c) Write any four functions of the ‘Cabinet’. [4]

Question 5

India has a single integrated judicial system that is Independent and Supreme. With reference to the Judiciary, answer the following:

(a) (i) Who appoints the Judges of the High Court?
(ii) State any two qualifications required for a person to be appointed as a High Court judge. [3]

(b) Explain briefly the term ‘Court of Record’ with reference to the High Court. [3]

(c) List any four writs that the High Court can issue for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights. [4]

Section B

Attempt any three questions from this Section

Question 6

The Second half of the 19th century witnessed the growth of a strong feeling of Nationalism. With reference to the statement, answer the following:

(a) Write any three repressive Colonial policies of the British. [3]

(b) State any three ways in which the Press played an important role in developing nationalism amongst Indians. [3]

(c) Explain briefly any three differences in the methods adopted between the Early Nationalists and Radicals, in the National Movement. [4]

Question 7

With reference to the picture given below, answer the following questions:

(a) (i) Identify the Memorial built for those who were killed in this incident.
(ii) Where did this incident take place?
(iii) Name the movement launched by Gandhi in 1920 as a consequence. [3]

(b) Explain briefly the reason for the suspension of this particular movement by Gandhi in 1922. [3]

(c) State any four impacts of the movement. [4]

Question 8

With reference to the National Movement from 1930 to 1947, answer the following:

(a) State any three features of the Programme of the Civil Disobedience Movement launched in 1930. [3]

(b) What was the significance of the Second Round Table Conference held in 1931? [3]

(c) State any four clauses of the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. [4]

Question 9

With reference to the Rise of Dictatorships and the Second World War, answer the following:

(a) State any three reasons for the Rise of Fascism in Italy. [3]

(b) Explain any three consequences of World War II. [3]

(c) Name the two rival blocs that fought against each other during World War II and state its signatory countries. [4]

Question 10

The necessity to maintain International peace led to the establishment of the United Nations Organisation. With reference to the statement, answer the following:

(a) Write any three functions of UNESCO that preserves our ‘Cultural Heritage’. [3]

(b) State the Composition of the Security Council. [3]

(c) Write any four functions of the General Assembly. [4]