You have to attempt all questions from Part I (Compulsory). A total of five questions are to be attempted from Part II, two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B.

PART I (30 Marks)

Question 1

(a) Name the two types of authority in a federal set up in India. [1]

(b) What is the term of the “Lok Sabha”? [1]

(c) How is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha elected? [1]

(d) Name the procedure for the removal of the President of India. [1]

(e) Who presides over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha in the absence of its Chairman? [1]

(f) Mention one important function of the Vice-President of India. [1]

(g) On whose advice and by whom is the Council of Ministers appointed? [1]

(h) Mention one legislative function of the Council of Ministers. [1]

(i) On what grounds can a judge of the Supreme Court be removed? [1]

(j) Which is the highest criminal court in a district? Who presides over it? [1]

Question 2

(a) When and why was Oudh annexed by Lord Dalhousie? [2]

(b) Give two factors that gave rise to Nationalism in India in the 19th century. [2]

(c) Mention any two objectives of the Muslim League. [2]

(d) Mention the significance of the Lucknow Pact of 1916. [2]

(e) Give any two contributions of Subhash Chandra Bose. [2]

(f) Mention any two provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947. [2]

(g) State any two objectives of the Forward Bloc. [2]

(h) Give any two causes of the First World War. [2]

(i) What is understood by the “Policy of Appeasement’ followed by Britain and France towards Germany? [2]

(j) Mention any two objectives of the Non-Aligned Movement. [2]

PART II (50 Marks)


Question 3

With reference to the Union Parliament:

(a) Give three reasons as to why the Lok Sabha is considered more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. [3]

(b) State three exclusive powers of the Rajya Sabha. [3]

(c) Mention any four functions of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. [4]

Question 4

With reference to the Union Executive:

(a) What is the composition of the Electoral College for the election of the President of India? [3]

(b) State three reasons to justify the indirect election of the President. [3]

(c) Mention four functions of the Union Cabinet. [4]

Question 5

With reference to the Judiciary:

(a) What are the qualifications required for the appointment of judges of the Supreme Court? [3]

(b) Explain the term ‘Judicial Review’ of the High Court. [3]

(c) What do you mean by ‘Lok Adalat’? State any three advantages of the Lok Adalat. [4]


Question 6

With reference to the First War of Independence, 1857:

(a) Give three causes for the resentment of the sepoys against the British. [3]

(b) Mention three economic causes that caused unrest among Indians. [3]

(c) State four changes introduced in the organization of the Army after the First War of Independence. [4]

Question 7

With reference to the growth of Nationalism:

(a) Mention two associations which served as the forerunners (precursors) of the Indian National Congress. Who were the founders of the two associations? [3]

(b) Differentiate between the methods adopted by the Early Nationalists and the Radical Nationalists. [3]

(c) State two contributions of Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Lala Lajpat Rai. [4]

Question 8

The advent of Mahatma Gandhi on the Indian political scene gave a new direction to the freedom struggle. In this context, answer the following:

(a) What were the causes which led to the launching of the Non-Cooperation Movement? [3]

(b) Why did Gandhi withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement? [3]

(c) What was the impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement? [4]

Question 9

(a) Identify the above picture and with which war was it associated? Mention the year of the incident. [3]

(b) Mention three causes that led to the war. [3]

(c) State any two consequences of the war. [4]

Question 10

With reference to the United Nations:

(a) Write the full form of UNESCO. Mention two of its functions in the field of education. [3]

(b) What is the composition of the International Court of Justice? [3]

(c) What is meant by ‘Veto power’? Give three functions of the Security Council. [4]