There is one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The paper will be divided into two parts - Part I and Part II.

Part I (30 marks) contains short answer questions set from the entire syllabus. You are required to answer all questions.

Part II (50 marks) consists of Section A and Section B. You are required to answer two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B.

Section A: Civics

An elementary study is required of this section without verbatim study of the Constitutional Articles in detail.

1. Our Constitution

Definition of Constitution - date of adoption, date of enforcement and its significance. Features: Single Citizenship, Universal Adult Franchise, Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy (meaning), Welfare State.

2. Elections

Meaning; Composition of Election Commission (in brief); Direct and Indirect election; General election; Mid-term election and By-election.

3. Local Self Government

  1. Rural: Three-tier system of Panchayati Raj - Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti, Zila Parishad - their meaning and functions.
  2. Urban: Municipal Committees and Municipal Corporations - meaning and functions.

Section B: History

1. The Harappan Civilization

Sources: Great Bath, Citadel, seals, bearded man, dancing girl, dockyard, script.

Origin, extent, urban planning, trade, art & craft, and its decline.

2. The Vedic Period

Sources: Vedas and Epics (brief mention); Iron Artifacts and Pottery.

Brief comparative study of Early and Later Vedic society and economy.

3. Jainism and Buddhism

Sources: Angas, Tripitikas and Jatakas (brief mention).

Causes for their rise in the 6th century B.C.; Doctrines.

4. The Mauryan Empire

Sources: Arthashastra, Indika, Ashokan Edicts, Sanchi Stupa.

Political history and administration (Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka); Ashoka’s Dhamma.

5. The Sangam Age

Sources: Tirukkural and Megaliths.

A brief study of society and economy.

6. The Age of the Guptas

Sources: Account of Fa-hien; Allahabad Pillar Inscription.

Political history and administration (Samudragupta and Chandragupta Vikramaditya); Contribution to the fields of Education (Nalanda University), Science (Aryabhatta) and Culture (works of Kalidasa, Deogarh temple).

7. Medieval India

(a) The Cholas

Sources: Inscriptions; Brihadishwara Temple.

Political history and administration (Rajaraja I, Rajendra I).

(b) The Delhi Sultanate

Sources: Inscriptions; Qutab Minar.

Political history and administration (Qutbuddin Aibak, Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad Bin Tughlaq).

(c) The Mughal Empire

Sources: Ain-i-Akbari, Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid and Red Fort.

Political history and administration (Babur, Akbar and Aurangzeb).

(d) Composite Culture

Sources: Bijak, Guru Granth Sahib, Ajmer Sharief, St. Francis Assisi Church (Kochi).

Significance of Bhakti Movements and Sufism (Mirabai, Sant Jnaneswar and Hazrat Nizamuddin). Influence of Christianity (St. Francis Xavier).

8. The Modern Age in Europe

(a) Renaissance

Definition, causes (capture of Constantinople, decline of Feudalism, new trade routes, spirit of enquiry and invention of the printing press) and impact on art, literature and science (Leonardo Da Vinci, William Shakespeare and Copernicus).

(b) Reformation

Causes of reformation (dissatisfaction with the practices of the Catholic Church and new learning); Martin Luther’s contribution, Counter Reformation.

(c) Industrial Revolution

Definition of the term. Comparative study of Socialism and Capitalism.