ICSE Physics Class 8 Syllabus

The syllabus consists of eight themes - Matter, Physical Quantities and Measurement, Force and Pressure, Energy, Light Energy, Heat Transfer, Sound, Electricity.

Theme 1: Matter

Kinetic Theory of Matter.

  • Three states of matter in terms of movement of particles.
  • Energy content in the three states of matter.
  • Change of state in matter using the Kinetic theory:
    • Boiling
    • Vaporization
    • Melting
    • Fusion
    • Evaporation
    • Condensation
    • Sublimation
    • Deposition
    • Freezing
  • Change of state diagrams (using the terms mentioned above).

Theme 2: Physical Quantities and Measurement

  • Measurement of Density of irregular solids using:
    • Eureka Can
    • Measuring Cylinder
  • Measurement of Density of Fluids:
    • Basic Concept
    • Concept of Floatation and sinking of a substance (relate to density)
    • Comparison of densities in the three states of matter.

Theme 3: Force and Pressure

  • Turning effect of force (moment of force): concept, definition and calculation
  • Pressure:
    • Definition
    • Unit
    • Calculation of pressure in simple cases
    • Pressure exerted by liquids (Qualitative only).
    • Pressure exerted by gases - Atmospheric pressure (Qualitative only).

Theme 4: Energy

  • Concept of Work
  • Unit of Work (Joule)
  • Calculation of Work done in simple cases
  • Kinetic Energy
    • Basic Concept
  • Potential Energy
    • Basic Concept
    • Gravitational Potential Energy
  • Calculation of kinetic and potential energies from a set of given data (Simple problems and assuming g=10 m/s2)
  • Energy transformation in common daily life situations
  • Difference between Energy and power

Theme 5: Light Energy

  • Refraction:
    • Definition
    • Examples of Refraction.
  • Curved Mirrors:
    • Convex
    • Concave
    • Reflecting surface (Convex and Concave)
    • Uses of Curved mirrors
    • Terms related to Curved mirrors - Focus, Principal Axis, centre of curvature, radius of curvature
    • Rules for making ray diagrams of Spherical mirrors.
    • Real and Virtual Images
    • Ray diagrams with curved mirrors where real images are formed.
  • Dispersion of white light into constituent colours.

Theme 6: Heat Transfer

  • Difference between Boiling and Evaporation.
  • Thermal Expansion:
    • Linear Expansion
    • Volume Expansion
    • Superficial Expansion
    • Compare expansivity in Solids, Liquids and Gases.
    • Examples and real world applications.

Theme 7: Sound

  • Pitch and Frequency
  • Pitch and frequency in relation to working of musical instruments. (Wind, membrane and String)
  • Monotone
  • Loudness and amplitude
  • Unit of loudness in decibels

Theme 8: Electricity

  • Household consumption of electric energy (kilowatt hour)
  • Identify live wire, neutral wire and earth wire in terms of their energy and path they travel
  • Safety components (fuses / circuit breakers (Qualitative approach only)/ grounding)
  • Static Electricity
    • Conservation of charges
    • Conduction
    • Induction
    • Electroscope (Gold Leaf Electroscope)
    • Lightning Conductor
  • Battery as a collection of cells connected in series.
  • Dangers of electricity