ICSE Geography Class 7 Syllabus
The syllabus consists of seven themes - (i) Representation of Geographical Features, (ii) Atmosphere, (iii) Weather and Climate, (iv) Weathering and Soil Formation, (v) Industries, (vi) Energy and Power Resources, and (vii) Study of Continents: Europe, Africa, Australia, Antarctica.
Theme 1: Representation of Geographical Features
Use of colours on Topographical sheets
- Blue - Water body
- Red - Settlements
- Yellow - Agriculture
- Brown - High relief
- Green - Forests
Use of scales for measurement: types of scales (representative fraction, linear scale).
Measuring distance on the map using scales (straight line, curved line).
Conventional signs & symbols (based on topographical sheets of Survey of India).
Theme 2: Atmosphere
Composition of the Atmosphere
Structure of the Atmosphere (brief description of Troposphere, Stratosphere (ozone layer), Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere).
Green House Effect: meaning and causes.
- Causes of ozone depletion (Greenhouse gases, deforestation, burning of fossil fuels);
- Impact of global warming (Melting of Ice caps & sea level rise, changing patterns of distribution of precipitation and temperature, etc.)
Ways to reduce global warming (in general).
Theme 3: Weather and Climate
Elements of Weather:
- Atmospheric pressure
- Precipitation (rain, dew, hail, snow)
- Cloud (different types)
Difference between Weather and Climate.
- Rain gauge
- Anemometer and wind vane
(Brief explanation with diagrams)
Isohytes and Isotherms - meaning and diagrams only.
Theme 4: Weathering and Soil formation
- Types of rocks (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary): formation with examples
- Weathering: meaning; factors affecting weathering
- Types of weathering (mechanical, chemical, biological): brief explanation; soil formation as a result of weathering;
- Soil profile; importance of soil conservation, methods of soil conservation.
Theme 5: Industries
- Need for industries in the world.
- Types of industries: large scale, small scale, cottage industries; agro based industries.
- Factors related to establishment of an industry.
- Important industries of the world: Iron and Steel, Cotton Textile, Information Technology, Sugar Industry, ship building, fishing, automobile; important centres of these industries and their location on world map.
- Pollution due to industries and its prevention.
Theme 6: Energy and Power Resources
- Introduction: sources of energy; renewable and non-renewable energy resources
- Renewable Energy Sources (Solar Power, Hydro-Power and Wind Power).
- Non-renewable Energy Sources (coal and petroleum).
- Hydroelectric projects: names of the major hydroelectric power projects in India with the names of the river and the state in which they are located. Locating on a map.
- Conservation of energy and power resources.
Theme 7: Study of Continents: Europe, Africa, Australia and Antarctica
Europe, Africa, Australia
- Political divisions (countries with capitals)
- Major Physical features
- Locating the above on the world map.
- Tourism in Switzerland (Europe)
- Cocoa cultivation in Ghana (Africa)
- Sheep rearing in Australia (or any other)
Antarctica - the uninhabited continent
- Human void zone