The English language curriculum has been planned to develop language skills. The broad objectives of language teaching and learning are o develop listening skills, speaking skills, reading skills, and writing skills.
To achieve these objectives children are to be provided with an environment to facilitate language learning. This could take shape in the form of textbooks, story books, magazines, newspapers, audio/visual aids, children chosen texts etc. according to the interest, age and cognitive levels of children.
1. Listening and Speaking
Listen to a variety of texts from different genres and registers such as story, poems, narratives, lecture, speech, dialogue etc for aural/written comprehension.
Listen and comprehend issues/topics raised in spoken texts e.g.
- Group discussions
Use of graphics, images, music, sound and visual displays in presentations.
Analyse and evaluate use of language in different contexts (newspapers, television, billboards and advertising campaigns) and its interpretation.
Speak in a variety of contexts and tasks e.g.
- facial expressions
- body language
- voice modulation
- choice of words
Collect and collate ideas and seeks clarification to keep discussions relevant.
Use multi-media to make presentations on issues and social messages.
Literary/ non-literary texts on a wide range of themes covering different genres and registers. The themes may include:
- Self, Family, Home, Friends and Pets
- Neighbourhood and Community at large
- The Nation - diversity (sociocultural, religious and ethnic, as well as linguistic heritage Myths/legends/folktales)
- The World - India’s neighbours and other countries (their cultures, literature and customs)
- Adventure and Imagination
- Sports and Yoga
- Issues relating to Adolescence (drugs, values, life skills)
- Science and Technology
- Peace and Harmony
- Travel and Tourism
- Mass Media
- Art and Culture
- Health and Reproductive health
- Famous Personalities & achievers
- Environmental concerns - water conservation, cleanliness and sanitation, Safety - personal safety & awareness about child abuse, conservation of energy, Sustainable development
Extensive and intensive reading of the texts for comprehension, inference etc.
Focus on choice of vocabulary/figurative language and tone/mood used in the text.
Deconstruct the textual piece to enhance understanding of the structure used by author.
- Write messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications
- Simple narrative and descriptive pieces, etc.
- Creative writing: stories, poems etc.
- Organize and structure thoughts in writing.
- Organise and structure meaningful sentences in a sequential manner.
- use of linkers such as however, therefore etc. to link sentences to indicate passage of time and provide a sense of closure.
- Age appropriate use of words and phrases
- Follow process approach to writing. planning, revising, reviewing editing, rewriting.
4. Grammar and Vocabulary
- Phrases and clauses in simple, compound and complex sentences.
- Active and passive voice.
- Synonym, antonym and analogy in the right context.
- Figurative language, (e.g. irony, pun, personification, alliteration, metaphor, simile, assonance, onomatopoeia).
- Age appropriate words and phrases and domain-specific vocabulary.