Semester 2 is of 40 marks. Civics consists of two units: The Union Executive, The Judiciary. History consists of one unit: The Contemporary World.
(a) The President: Qualifications for election, composition of Electoral College, reason for indirect election, term of office, procedure for impeachment.
Powers - executive, legislative, discretionary and emergency.
(b) The Vice-President: Qualifications for election and term of office.
(c) Prime Minister and Council of Ministers: Appointment, formation of Council of Ministers and their tenure. Position and powers of the Prime Minister. Collective and individual responsibility of the members of the Cabinet. Distinction between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet.
(a) The Supreme Court: Composition, qualifications of judges, and their appointment; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Advisory, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.
(b) The High Courts: Composition, qualifications of judges and their appointment.
(c) Subordinate Courts: Distinction between Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court.
Lok Adalats: meaning and advantages.
(a) The First World War
Causes (Nationalism and Imperialism, division of Europe and Sarajevo crisis) and Results (Treaty of Versailles).
(b) Rise of Dictatorships
Similarity between the ideologies of Fascism and Nazism.
(c) The Second World War
Causes (Dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Japanese invasion of China, Failure of League of Nations and Hitler's invasion of Poland).
(d) United Nations
(i) The objectives of the U.N.
The composition and any four functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council, and the International Court of Justice.
(ii) Major agencies of the United Nations:
UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO - any four functions only.
(e) Non-Aligned Movement
Brief meaning; objectives; Names of the architects of NAM. [Jawaharlal Nehru, President Nasser, Joseph Broze Tito].