ICSE Geography Class 10 Semester-2 Syllabus 2022

Semester 2 is of 40 marks. The syllabus consists of six units: Map of India, Mineral and Energy Resources, Agriculture, Manufacturing Industries, Transport, Waste Management.

2. Map of India

On an outline map of India, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following:

Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus: Himalayas, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Mount Kanchenjunga, Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.

Plains: Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains - (Konkan, Malabar, Coromandel).

Desert: Thar (The Great Indian Desert).

Rivers: Indus, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Bhrahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra.

Water Bodies: Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake.

Passes: Karakoram.

Longitude: Standard Meridian (82°30’E).

Direction of Winds: South West Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North East Monsoons.

Distribution of Minerals: Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field), Coal - Jharia.

Soil Distribution: Alluvial and Red Soil.

Cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Allahabad.

Population - Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse).

8. Mineral and Energy Resources

  • Iron ore, Manganese, Copper - uses and their distribution.
  • Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages).
  • Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud) - location and State benefitted.
  • Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind, nuclear and biogas (location and advantages).

9. Agriculture

  • Indian Agriculture - importance, problems and reforms.
  • Agricultural seasons (rabi, kharif, zayad).
  • Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops:
    • rice, wheat and pulses.
    • Sugarcane and oilseeds (groundnut and mustard).
    • Cotton and tea.

10. Manufacturing Industries

Importance and classification

  • Agro based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton).
  • Mineral based Industry - Iron & Steel (Tata Steel, Rourkela), Petro Chemical and Electronics.

11. Transport

Importance and Modes - Roadways (National and State highways, Golden quadrilateral, NSEW corridor), Railways, Airways and Waterways - Advantages and disadvantages.

12. Waste Management

  • Need for waste management.
  • Methods of safe disposal -segregation, dumping and composting.
  • Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste