Semester 1 is of 40 marks. The syllabus consists of six units: Interpretation of Topographical Maps, Physical features, Climate, Soil Resources, Natural Vegetation, Water Resources.
(a) Locating features with the help of a four-figure grid reference.
(b) Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope and gentle slope), triangulated height, spot height and benchmark.
(c) Interpretation of colour tints used on a topographical survey of India map.
(d) Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map. Measuring direct distance and calculating area using the scale given therein.
(e) Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.
(f) Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of occupation and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.
(g) Identification of drainage patterns (Dendritic, Trellis, Radial, and Disappearing) and settlement patterns (Scattered and Compact). Identification of direction of flow, left bank and right bank of a river.
(h) Identification of natural and man-made features.
(i) Meaning of important terms- Relative height / depth, broken ground, surveyed tree, fireline, causeway, aqueduct and diggi.
Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism.
Seasons: March to May - Summer; June to September - Monsoon; October to November - Retreating Monsoon. December to February - Winter.
Study of climatic data.